Each year in the United States, approximately 127,000 children are adopted into new families. Tens of thousands of these children come from countries around the world. Rates for international adoption ebb and flow based on countless factors, including world economic trends and political tensions. For instance, in 2009, more children were adopted into the U.S. from Guatemala than from any other country. By 2010, political strife in the Central American country had put a hold on Guatemalan adoptions.
According to 2010 statistics, the People’s Republic of China has taken the lead as the most popular source country for U.S. adoptions. More than 3,400 children were adopted from China in 2010, with Ethiopia ranking second with just over 2,500 adoptions. This accounts for a significant percentage of 2010's total of 11,000 international children welcomed into new American families.